From the 1600s onwards, a new type of a Scottish sword was designed and fielded. Much shorter than the two-handed sword, the new sword also had a basket hilt, designed to fit around the bearer’s hand to afford some protection in combat. The new design made the sword a single-handed weapon, and it was most commonly used in conjunction with a round shield known as a targe. The blade could be either single- or double-edged. This sword was issued to Scottish soldiers and English officers, and in fact is still worn as a ceremonial weapon by officers of the Royal Regiment of Scotland.
The origin of the basket-hilt claymore is contentious, with some commentators theorising descent from the Italian Schiavona, while others draw closer parallels to Germanic prototypes.
Click Here for more information
Click Here for information on the Basket-Hilt Claymore